Privacy Glossary J – R

Part of assignment one for Privacy directed readings course.

Legal rules to sue Through the definition of different injuries for tort liability, the merits of each suit can be determined by a court.
Legitimate interest A criteria for determining whether material is permissible for publication by the press. If the topic is of interest to the community, it is likely to be protected. The definition of being of interest to the community includes that is worth publishing, leading to a circular definition.
Liberty The right to choose for one’s self. By protecting liberty, privacy rights allow one to choose the meaning of their life and what is important to the individual.
Norms The standards of behavior, thought and interaction that are typical in a community. Some items that are outside of norms can be affected by privacy violations because the reduce the freedom of individuals to be different. Social norms also determine what is the balancing point on the determination of the boundaries where social and individual needs lie.
OECD Privacy Guidelines Privacy guidelines for the transfer of information across national borders developed by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development
Privacy Act of 1974 A federal law governing the collection of information by federal government agencies.
Privacy concept: it allows forms of intimacy Concept: Privacy allows an individual to develop relationships without the interference of others. One may control access to one self, protect secrets and have control of ones information. This definition doesn’t give any understanding of what is protected. In addition, some things that may allow intimacy such as protection of behavior in public are clearly not reasonable to include.
Privacy concept: it allows limited access to the self Concept: Privacy means that you can protect yourself from other’s intrusion. People cannot gather information from you or about you if desired. This does not define what access is and what is being limited.
Privacy concept: it allows one to keep secrets Concept: Privacy means that you may have information that you do not give to others. This information processing privacy definition doesn’t describe boundaries of what is a valid secret and what information outside agencies can benefit society as a whole by collecting that information. A lender wants to have access to your credit history which could include information that could be argued was secret.
Privacy concept: it gives control over personal information Concept: Privacy means that you can determine who is allowed to have information. However, things you do in public include personal information that it isn’t reasonable to expect for an individual to control. In addition, by focusing on information, other aspects of privacy such as the decisions one makes in private are ignored.
Privacy concept: it is the right to be let alone Concept: Privacy means that others cannot interfere with what you want to do or when you are in a private situation. For example, what you do in your home is protected. This is a vague definition because it doesn’t define what is being protected.
Privacy concept: it protects personhood Concept: Privacy means that your dignity and reputation should be protected. Publication of unflattering or damaging information can decrease safety and ability to work or have personal relationships. This is very vague and does not define what aspects of ones existence qualify as personhood defining characteristics.
Privacy of Letters In the 18th century, postal letters were not secure because the contents could be reviewed by others. This undesirable effect of disallowing confidential communication was protected through legislative action.
Privacy of Telegraphs Telegraphs more directly involve the interaction of an intermediary in communication. Just as the privacy of letters was desirable, so was that of the content of telegraphs.
Protection The law can provide definitions and redress for violations of privacy. Some forms of redress include the tort system of legal action. Other protections come in the form of criminal sanctions and fines. The protection of privacy rights is one goal of privacy analysis. Often one thinks of privacy problems as violations of rights and the law can be written to protect those rights.
Purpose Specification Principle The principle that when a service requests information that it describes how the information is going to be used. It also implies that if other uses of the information are developed in the future, that must require an Opt-In
Reasonable expectation of privacy In privacy situations, this is a legal criteria affecting whether something should be considered private and protected or not. For example, the use of infrared cameras to detect illicit activity in a home violates the principle of reasonable expectation of privacy because the home is intended to be private. On the other hand, the contents of ones trash is not reasonable to expect privacy because animals could release the trash and the trash collection service has access to the materials.
Relationships Privacy does not just protect individuals, it is relevant for relationships and how people interact with each other. Who are the people one communicates with? Some relationships are more clearly delineated as having specific protections such as between an attorney and her clients or a doctor and his patients. Other relationships are important in that they allow one to build an identity. Relationships can be threatened through the loss of security due to increased scrutiny or connections.